GSTR-9 filing (Procedure)

Guide to file GSTR-9 on GST portal

The GST portal provides facility to the registered taxpayers to file GSTR-9. 

All Normal taxpayers (including SEZ units and SEZ developers) are required to file an annual return in Form GSTR-9 irrespective of the turnover of an entity.

A taxpayer must report the following details for the financial year in the annual return:

Who must file GSTR-9?

There can be 3 cases in which a taxpayer is required to file GSTR-9 for a financial year:

  1. A registered taxpayer who is a normal taxpayer including SEZ units and SEZ developers.
  2. composition taxpayer who opted out of the scheme in the middle of the year.
  3. A taxpayer who transitioned from VAT to GST in the first financial year of GST implementation.

Example: Mr.A (registered under VAT previously) had registered under GST on 1st October 2017 as a normal taxpayer. He then opted for the composition scheme on 1st January 2018. Mr. A will now have to file the following returns:

  1. GSTR- 9 for the period 1st October 2017 to 31st December 2017.
  2. GSTR- 9A for the period 1st January 2018 to 31st March 2018.
  3. Thereafter, for each financial year, he should file GSTR-9A till he opts out of the scheme.

However, the following persons are not required to file GSTR- 9:

Prerequisites for filing GSTR-9

  1. A taxpayer should be registered as a normal taxpayer under GST at least for a single day in a financial year.
  2. A taxpayer should have filed GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B for the financial year before filing the annual return because GSTR-9 is a compilation of data filed in GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B.
  3. Please note, table number 6A will be auto-filled based on the GSTR-3B and the same is not editable.
  4. Similarly, table number 8A will be auto-filled based on the details auto-populated in GSTR-2A and the same is not editable.
  5. The complete table number 9 – Details of Tax paid as declared in returns filed during the financial year will be auto-filled based on the details provided by you in Form GSTR-3B for the relevant financial year. ‘Paid through Cash’ and ‘Paid through ITC’ columns are non-editable.

Step by step guide to filing GSTR-9

Step 1: Login and navigate to GSTR-9

Login to GST Portal and go to ‘Returns Dashboard’ and click ‘Annual Return’.


Select the ‘Financial Year’ on the ‘File Annual Returns’ page. An important message will pop up detailing the steps to be performed for the Online/Offline filing of GSTR-9. Click ‘Prepare Online’.


Step 2: Answer a questionnaire to choose between a NIL return or an annual return with data

Choose whether you want to file Nil return for the financial year by clicking ‘Yes’ or ‘No’.

Select ‘Yes’ only if all of the below criteria are satisfied.

  1. No outward supply
  2. There is no receipt of goods/services
  3. No other liability to report
  4. Not claimed any credit
  5. No refund claimed
  6. No demand order received
  7. Late fees not required to be paid


Click on all the three tabs to download:

  1. GSTR- 9 System Computed Summary
  2. GSTR-1 Summary
  3. GSTR-3B Summary

The downloaded summaries will help taxpayers with the details to be provided in various tiles of GSTR-9.


Step 3: Enter requisite details in various tables for the financial year

A. Tile: Details of advances, inward and outward supplies made during the financial year on which tax is payable- Table 4N

1. Click on the tile. The details will be auto-populated on the basis of information provided in GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B.



GSTR-9 3


2. Edit the cells or enter the tax values. If the details vary +/- 20% from the auto-populated details then the cells will be highlighted and a confirmation message will pop up asking if you want to proceed despite deviation.


3. Click ‘Yes’ to accept the details.

4. A confirmation will pop up displaying ‘Save request is accepted successfully’.

5. Go back to the ‘GSTR-9 Dashboard’. The 4N tile will be updated.

Similarly, for the rest of the tables mentioned below, fill in the required information and follow the same steps to save the data:


        1. Details of outward supplies made during the financial year on which tax is not payable- Table (5M)
        2. ITC availed details during the financial year – Table 6(O)
        3. Details of ITC reversed and Ineligible ITC for the financial year – Table 7(I)
        4. Other ITC related information – Table 8(A)
        5. Details of tax paid as declared in returns filed during the financial year –Table 9
        6. Details of the previous Financial Year’s transactions reported in the next Financial Year – Table 10, 11, 12 & 13
        7. Differential tax paid on account of declaration- Table 10 & 11
        8. Particulars of Demands and Refunds- Table 15
        9. Supplies received from Composition taxpayers, deemed supply by job worker and goods sent on approval basis –Table 16
        10. HSN wise summary of Outward Supplies- Table 17
        11. HSN wise summary of Inward Supplies –Table 18


Note: A taxpayer can edit the auto-populated details (i.e., the details flowing in from GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B), except for Table No. 6 (O), 8(A) and 9.

Step 4: Preview draft GSTR-9 in excel or PDF format

A taxpayer can preview the form in PDF/Excel format

-For preview in PDF format:

1. Click Preview GSTR-9 (PDF) on the GSTR-9 dashboard.

2. A draft will be downloaded and on the review of the same if the taxpayer feels that any changes are required, then the same can be performed by making changes to GSTR-9 online and then regenerate the draft.

-For preview in Excel format:

        1. Click Preview GSTR-9 (Excel) on the GSTR-9 dashboard.
        2. A draft will be downloaded and a link will be displayed.
        3. Click on the link to download a zip file and the excel file of summary GSTR-9 can be extracted from it.
        4. On review of the draft if the taxpayer feels that any changes are required, then the same can be performed by making changes to GSTR-9 online and then regenerate the draft.


Step 5: Compute liabilities and late fees

On clicking compute liabilities, GST portal will process all the details provided in various tables.

It also calculates late fees if there is a delay in filing return.

After some time a confirmation message will be displayed for you to proceed with filing.

The taxpayer can make the payment from the funds available in the electronic cash ledger. In case, the funds are low in the cash ledger the additional payment can be made via Netbanking, over the counter or via NEFT/RTGS by creating an additional payment challan.

Note: GSTR-9 cannot be filed until the late fee if applicable, is paid off.

A taxpayer should again preview the draft GSTR-9 in PDF/Excel format by following the same steps as mentioned in Step 4. Reviewing the file again is a must because now it will reflect the details of late fees paid and payable.

Step 6: Proceed to file GSTR-9

        1. Select the declaration check box and then select the ‘Authorised Signatory’.
        2. Click ‘File GSTR-9’.
        3. A page will be displayed for Submitting Application with two options for filing.
        1. A. File with DSC: Taxpayer has to browse and select the certificate. Sign and submit.
        2. B. File with EVC: An OTP will be sent to the registered email ID and mobile number. Validate the OTP. Upon successful validation, the status of the return changes to ‘Filed’.


1. In case, the records are processed with any error the taxpayer will receive a warning message which can be resolved by re-visiting the form and making corrections in tables reflecting the errors.

2. A taxpayer can make any additional payment through Form DRC-03 if any. The link will be displayed on the successful filing of the return.

3. Once the Annual Return is filed, an ARN will be generated.  The taxpayer gets a confirmation message via SMS and email for the successful filing of the return.

4. GSTR-9 cannot be revised after filing. There is no possible way of rectifying the errors made in Annual returns.